Agweek country farmers are heading toward harvest time on some of their crops. Here are NASS crop progress and condition highlights from the July 28 report.
Minnesota crop development is behind-normal. The southwest part of the state needs rain while farmers in northern towns like Crookston and Hallock area, received more than an inch of rain early in the week. Topsoil moisture is 86 percent adequate to surplus and subsoil moisture is 93 percent adequate to surplus in the state. Crop percentages in the good to excellent categories included: barley, 49 percent; corn, 68 percent; oats, 67 percent; pasture, 73 percent; soybeans, 64 percent; spring wheat, 53 percent; hay, 66 percent; potatoes, 84 percent; sugar beets 29 percent; dry edible beans, 51 percent; sunflower, 38 percent. Spring wheat is 36 percent coloring, compared to a five-year average of 59 percent. Corn is 61 percent silking compared to a 71 percent average. Soybeans are right at average with 74 percent blooming and 26 percent setting pods.
Montana conditions were mostly unchanged. Pasture and range conditions are right at five-year averages, with 52 percent good to excellent. Subsoil moisture is 58 percent adequate to surplus. Barley, canola, spring wheat and winter wheat are all ahead of five-year averages for ripening, while flaxseed, oats and durum are somewhat behind schedule. Crop percentages in the good to excellent categories remained strong: barley, 55 percent; dry peas, 68 percent; oats, 60 percent; durum wheat, 62 percent; spring wheat, 59 percent; winter wheat, 66 percent. About 94 percent of the winter wheat was turning ripe, while 52 percent of the barley is ripening.
North Dakota corn silking is 34 percent complete, up 24 percentage points from last week and compared to a five-year average of 52 percent for the date. Corn conditions are 78 percent good to excellent, with 34 percent silking, compared to 52 percent average. About 72 percent of the soybeans in the state are blooming, compared to a 77 percent average, and 76 percent were in good to excellent condition. Barley was 81 percent rated good to excellent. Pasture and range are 86 percent good to excellent in the state.
South Dakota’s winter wheat was 18 percent harvested, compared to a five-year average of 55 percent for the date. Corn conditions were 74 percent good to excellent, with 70 percent silking, compared to 50 percent for the date. Soybeans in the state were 71 percent blooming, compared to 76 percent average, with crop condition rated 68 percent good to excellent.