NASS/MT: Crops Behind; Some Face Stripe Rust

Montana’s warming temperatures and less rain helped through much of the state. Ekalaka, in the southeast, received 2 inches during the week, topping the rainfall charts, and temperatures hit the mid-80s through much of the state. Growing degree days are 10 to 20 GDDs below-normal in the northeast and central district and 20 GDDs below-normal in the southeast, except for Ekalaka, which is 40 GDDs below normal.

Farmers reported 3 percent hadn’t been able to get in the fields yet, and 5 percent were just getting under way, while 92 percent were well under way, up from 86 percent the previous week.

Topsoil moisture remained 100 percent adequate to surplus for the week, above the five-year average of 71 percent. Forecast for July 4 to July 10 is for above-normal temperatures and precipitation east of the Continental Divide. Normal would be mid-70s to mid-80s and lows in the 40s to upper 50s.

Barley – 91 percent emerged; 13 percent boot, 60 percent average. Condition: 70 percent good to excellent, 72 percent average.

Corn – 88 percent emerged, 100 percent average.

Dry peas – 99 percent emerged; 10 percent blooming, 53 percent average.

Durum wheat – 91 percent emerged; 2 percent boot stage, 35 percent average. Condition: 80 percent good to excellent, 70 percent average.

Lentils – 94 percent emerged; 7 percent blooming, 30 percent average.

Oats – 87 percent emerged; 4 percent boot stage, 59 percent average. Condition: 68 percent good to excellent, 70 percent average.

Spring wheat – 82 percent emerged. Condition: 56 percent good to excellent, 71 percent average.

Winter wheat — 82 percent boot stage, 94 percent average; 44 percent heading, 76 percent average. Condition: 60 percent good to excellent, 63 percent average.

Range and pasture feed conditions – Condition: 87 percent good to excellent, 65 percent average.